Transport & Travel Research Ltd

Project: Development and Pilot of a Business Travel Focused Intervention Addressing Close following Driving Behaviour.

Transport & Travel Research Ltd (TTR) and parent company TRL have been awarded £98,000 for a pilot scheme to reduce tailgating by business drivers. Tailgating, or close following, is a widespread concern on UK roads, increasing the risk of collisions. The project will focus on business drivers because on average they undertake high annual driving mileage and are over-represented in road traffic collisions. TTR and TRL will recruit employers within the pilot area, and work with them to develop a package of behaviour change techniques to measure and influence attitudes towards close-following.


PACTS

Project: UK Road Safety – Seizing the Opportunities

Funding of £19,000 has been awarded to PACTS towards a research project ‘UK Road Safety – Seizing the Opportunities’. The aim of the research is to provide support to the road safety community on the opportunities presented in the Government’s 2015 Road Safety Statement, and identify how to translate these opportunities into tangible actions to reduce casualties. The research will summarise key safety issues, problems and solutions, highlight opportunities for influence and identify ‘Safe System’ progress indicators.


Warwickshire and West Mercia Road Safety Partnership

Project: Development of the Green Light Safety App

£35,000 has been awarded to Warwickshire and West Mercia Road Safety Partnership to improve and update a successful ‘Green Light’ Education programme for young people. Taking into account the views of young people, the project will produce and evaluate an updated mobile phone ‘app’ to reinforce the important road safety messages in the education programme. The aim is to ensure the intervention remains up-to-date, engaging and a useful intervention for young people.


Transport Research Laboratories (TRL)

Project: New Cycle Helmet Assessment Programme (NCHAP): protocols development

A grant of £99,500 has been awarded to develop the testing protocols for a safety rating scheme for cycle helmets.

Currently there is very limited free and independent consumer information relating to the safety performance of pedal cycle helmets. All cycle helmets sold in Europe have to meet regulatory requirements, which is set at a mandatory performance, but different helmets achieve these baseline requirements by varying margins. Consumers therefore find it difficult to discern to what extent one particular cycle helmet offers a greater level of protection than that of another.

The aim of this project is to create a set of testing protocols that can be used to rate cycle helmets, providing users with relevant, transparent, and free (at the point of sale) safety performance information, which ultimately enables consumers to consider the safety performance of a helmet within their purchasing decision.

To support the development of the protocols, TRL will design and undertake a series of helmet impact tests, using TRL’s helmet impact test facilities. These tests will be designed to address gaps within the current scientific literature and to further the scientific communities understanding of the impact performance of cycle helmets. The results of these tests, along with the protocols will be published within a peer reviewed journal, providing transparency to the rating scheme.


Addenbrooke’s Charitable Trust and Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Road Safety Partnership

Project: Targeting Road Injury Prevention (TRIP)

Funding of £100,000 has been awarded to Addenbrooke’s Charitable Trust to work with Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Road Safety Partnership in order to look in detail at crashes that cause severe injury and death, in particular examining the types of drivers that are involved in these crashes. This innovative project brings together partners from the Local Authority, Emergency Services, Higher Education and Cambridge University Hospitals to explore whether prevention strategies targeted at groups of drivers similar to those considered culpable for crashes, rather than targeting groups who are likely to be injured, have an impact on road safety.


Designability

Project: Flourish – Design Requirements of Connected Autonomous Vehicles (CAVs) for older people with a disability

Funding of £62,908 has been awarded to Designability, working with a number of partners including Age UK, towards the ‘FLOURISH’ project. The project will look at design issues of Connected Autonomous Vehicles (CAVs) and how technology can be developed to benefit people with a range of age related impairments. CAVs offer the potential for older people with an age-related disability to continue to be mobile whilst reducing the risks caused by people who should not be driving, benefitting all road users. The RST contribution to the multi-sector FLOURISH project will result in a report on engagement with the public on use of CAVs and the needs of users with specific impairments. It will also result in requirements for a human-machine interface for CAVs (the technology that connects drivers to the vehicle) from results of trials using a simulator and on the road.


Nottingham Trent University

Project: Assessing the potential of driver awareness and emotional regulation training in improving road safety

Funding of £88,976 has been awarded to Nottingham Trent University who will research and develop a novel training intervention designed to improve driver safety. The project will test training aimed at improving driver safety, through the enhancement of driver attention and skill, to see what the effects are. Subsequent driving behaviour will be tested in the laboratory and on the road.  Based on the results, the aim is for the essential elements of the research to be developed into a short and focussed intervention for drivers.


Nottingham Trent University

Project: Mobility Scooter user behaviour and hazard perception at road crossings

Funding of £98,604 has been awarded to Nottingham Trent University. The project will explore what Motorised Mobility Scooter (MMS) users see as hazards and then, by recording real time footage, assess the strategies used by expert users to avoid hazards when crossing roads. The overall aim for the project is to develop and evaluate a DVD training guide that aims to improve safety for novice MMS users. By examining how MMS users respond to hazards in and around road crossings, the project will carry out a trial and develop a low-cost training intervention (a DVD) to help users navigate road crossings more safely, improving safety for all road users. The project will also report on road safety issues from the perspective of mobility scooter users such as road crossings or factors that reduce visibility.


The University of South Wales

Project: Developing a Road Crossing Educational Computer Game for Primary Schools

Funding of £67,468 has been awarded to The University of South Wales who will work with school children to design and develop an evidence-based educational computer game using a first-person perspective, to teach children how to cross the road safely. The project draws on academic research about the way children learn about Road Safety and aims to produce a low-cost game using the latest technology and a short guide for teachers in its use.


The University of the West of England

Project: Wheels, Skills and Thrills 2 (WST2)

Funding of £194,000 has been awarded to The University of the West of England. This project aims to encourage safer driving by young men, particularly from less affluent areas, by researching and testing an intervention combining social marketing, advanced driver training, and in-car telematics. Based on an early trial and part-funded by the DfT, WST2 encompasses recent developments in driver training and telematics. It is the largest award made to date and reflects the potential of the project to increase understanding about risky driving by young men and also how to tackle it by developing an intervention with wide take up in mind.


PACTS

Project: Reducing suicides on the UK roads – providing a baseline

Funding of £15,500 has been awarded to PACTS. The aim of the project is to improve the information base for road-related suicides, which is currently weak. The research will establish what data are available, identify the major stakeholders, initiatives underway, and lessons from other sectors. Road suicides have major human and economic impacts – not only for the individuals and their families but also for other road users, emergency services and the wider community. This project aims to provide a catalyst to tackling these issues, with potentially wide and long-term benefits.